Providing a clean, hygienic environment with a healthy, well balanced diet will keep your guinea pig in good health and by handling your guinea pig regularly you will be able to spot any symptoms before they develop.
The following are the most common problems but if you have any doubts about the health of your guinea pig seek advice from your vet.
Dental problems: Guinea pig’s teeth continue to grow throughout their life so a high fibre diet is essential. Early signs of dental issues can be dribbling, inability to eat or teeth grinding. Teeth can be trimmed easily by your vet.
Vitamin C deficiency: Guinea pigs are unable to produce their own Vitamin C so it must be available in their diet. Lack of Vitamin C can cause weight and hair loss, general weakness and loss of teeth.
Skin complaints: The most common skin problem is mange caused by mites. This can be prevented with appropriate skin treatment or insecticidal shampoos. Bald patches on the face can indicate a fungal infection or ringworm. Seek advice from your vet if any of these symptoms appear.
Flystrike: Flies are attracted to soiled fur and bedding and can lay eggs on your guinea pig. Regular cleaning of the hutch and daily grooming can prevent a build up of dirt.
Abscesses: Knocks or fights can cause infections leading to abscesses. Check your guinea pig for abnormal lumps and bumps, especially in the mouth as sharp food can cause cuts. Veterinary treatment should be sought as soon as possible.